The Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) is one of the Two Hundred and Fifty-Four (254) Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana and among the Twenty-Six (26) MMDAs in the Greater Accra Region. It was established in 1898 but has gone through several changes in terms of name, size and number of Sub-Metros. When Ghana returned to constitutional rule in 1993, it derived its legal basis from Local Government Act, 1993, (Act 462) which currently has been amended as the Local Governance Act, 2016 (ACT 936), and under Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2034.
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, the total population of the Metropolis was 1,665,086 with females constituting 51.9 percent while males formed 48.1 percent. Using the Greater Accra Population growth rate of 3.1%, the 2018 population of Accra is estimated at 2,036,889. Accra has a daily influx of more than 2million people who commute to the City for various socio-economic activities. It is therefore estimated that Accra has a daily population of about 4million comprise of both residents and visitors.
Accra covers an area of about 137sqkm. The Assembly currently is made up of six (6) Sub-Metros as follows; Ablekuma South, Ablekuma Central, Ayawaso Central, Okaikoi South, Osu Klottey and Ashiedu Keteke. The Assembly is also made up of six (6) Constituencies.
The Assembly has sixteen (16) Departments and other Units with Heads of Departments who all report directly to the Metro Coordinating Director (MCD) and ultimately to the Metro Chief Executive (Mayor).
The General Assembly meetings are presided over by the Presiding Member (PM). The General Assembly has a Membership of 55 comprising of 41 Elected Members, 14 Government Appointees, 6 Members of Parliament and the Metro Chief Executive who also chairs the Executive Committee.
In the performance of its functions, the Accra Metropolitan Assembly works through 14 Sub-Committees. These Sub-Committees perform deliberative functions and submit recommendations to the Executive committee for further deliberation and then to the General Assembly for final decisions and implementation. The Fourteen (14) Sub-Committees include; Social Services, Finance & Administration, Development Planning, Revenue Mobilization, Justice & Security, Education, Works, Environment, Youth & Sports, Culture & Trade Tourism and Industry, Disaster Management, Food & Agriculture, Health, Women & Children.
The Mission Statement of the Assembly is; “To improve the Quality of Life of People Living within the City of Accra by Providing Leadership and Opportunities for Social and Economic Development Whilst Maintaining a Clean, Attractive and Secured Environment”.
The Vision of the Assembly is “TO BUILD A SMART, SAFE, SUSTAINABLE AND RESILIENT MODERN CITY”.
Section 12 (3) of Local Governance Act, 2016 (ACT 936) which establishes the Assembly also mandates it to perform among other functions;
- Be responsible for the overall development of the district;
- Formulate and execute plans, programmes and strategies for the effective mobilization of the resources necessary for the overall development of the district;
- Promote and support productive activity and social development in the district and remove any obstacles to initiative and development;
- Sponsor the education of students from the district to fill particular manpower needs of the district especially in the social sectors of education and health, making sure that the sponsorship is fairly and equitably balanced between male and female students;
- Initiate programmes for the development of basic infrastructure and provide municipal works and services in the district;
- Be responsible for the development, improvement and management of human settlements and the environment in the district;
- In co-operation with the appropriate national and local security agencies, be responsible for the maintenance of security and public safety in the district;
- Ensure ready access to courts in the district for the promotion of justice;
- Act to preserve and promote the cultural heritage within the district
- Initiate, sponsor or carry out studies that may be necessary for the discharge of any of the duties conferred by this Act or any other enactment; and
- Perform any other functions that may be provided under another enactment.